Étude des quelques notions et critères fondamenteaux pour la déscription des langues dans l'optique fonctionnelle
In this study, we will present some of the essential notions on which the description of languages is based. The notions of factual respect, relevance, function, language economy, dynamic synchrony are indispensable for the analysis of languages in the functional linguistics framework of André Martinet. It is important for us to be able to help learners of French with a new analytic method, as well as to create a new description for each notion in question, to the use of linguists. We are defi ning the notions put in use and, in order to enhance the comprehension, presenting various examples taken from French and Turkish languages. The methodology is elaborated in regard of the goal: In each moment of the progression, the objectives are explicitly displayed and each fi le takes its place in a
very well programmed entity.
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