Κλιματική αλλαγή και αρχές Γεωπολιτικής. Από την «στρατηγική της ανασχέσεως» στην «στρατηγική του ανασχετικού ανταγωνισμού»
It is a fact that the global climate change has had a catalytic effect on the geographic area of the Arctic Zone, with the Arctic Ocean as epicenter, since the ice meltdown has made it navigable and traversable. The effectson a globalgeopoliticallevelareextremelyimportantand drasticallyalter thehithertoappliedgeopoliticalanalyticaltheoriesthatspawnedthe'Strategyof Containment', whichare, interalia, basedon the 'geophysicalcontainment' of the ContinentalPowerfromtheArcticOcean, anda considerable partof its regionalseas. Given that a multi-polar, active geopolitical supra-system, of economic, commercial, financial, and mainly energy competition among inter-acting and inter-dependent international actors, poles of power and influence is under full development, as well as the strict limitation of the use of nuclear weapons by the national military doctrines of the powerful international poles of it, a new challenge emerges from the warm waters of the North Atlantic and North Pacific Ocean. With the certainty that the “Strategy of Containment” and the “Logic of Deterrence” have historically been theoretical and operational successful milestones for humanity, the Western Community is required to cope with this challenge with clarity and stability. Within the strict geopolitical context, and taking into consideration the geophysical changes that make the Arctic Ocean, an additional accessible and usable geopolitical field for geostrategic competition in transport, in energy research and scientific and legitimate military 'settlements', we conclude that the classic concept of the Kennanian term of 'Containment', based on the traditional Anglo-Saxon theoretical geopolitical models of Mackinder and Spykman, evolves into a new concept, that of 'Containment Antagonism', at least in reference to the Northern geographical sections of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, with potential application to the entire systemic geopolitical analytical methodological model and therefore the synthetic global geostrategic game, within the relentless geopolitical context, set by the active geopolitical supra-system between Continental and Naval Powers during the 21st century.
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