Το νομικό πλαίσιο της ναυτικής και αεροπορικής/αεροναυτικής Έρευνας και Διάσωσης (Ε-Δ): Η περίπτωση της Ελλάδας
The present Article examines the legal base of both aeronautical and maritime Search and Rescue (SAR) services, as they are provided and coordinated in regional level by the competent national authorities, but also as they are developed and standardized in global level under the auspices of relevant international Organisations, i.e. the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), and/or the International Maritime Organisation (IMO). In particular, maritime SAR is examined mostly through the relevant provisions of International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) (1960/70) and the International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (the Hamburg Convention) (1979), and secondary, the regulatory context of aeronautical SAR is presented in Chicago Convention (1944) and especially in its Annex 12 (on Search and Rescue). Moreover, the relevant provisions of International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue (IAMSAR) Manual, which is a common edition of ICAO and IMO, and the special EU drafted Plan on SAR is examined, as well as the EURSAR Plan (European Search and Rescue). Secondary, the Article examines the legal and geopolitical elements that are related with the SAR System, as it is currently in force and provides SAR services in Greece’s responsibility Search and Rescue Region (SRR), as it is coordinated by the competent Joint Regional Coordination Center (JRCC), in close coordination
with the Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority/Area Control Center, which is the responsible Air Traffi c Services (ATS) Authority in the relevant FIR Region (in Athinai FIR).
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